Based on the laws of this country, you have certain rights and protections that are granted to you. The laws are set up so that it must be a significant benefit to society for those rights to be violated.
If you have been arrested on suspicion of having committed unlawful criminal conduct, the officer will list a court date on your citation. This court date is your Arraignment. At the Arraignment the Judge will inform you of all of the rights available to you, will explain the charges against you and the potential consequences, and will ask you to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest.
One of the most important rights the Judge will state is the right to counsel. You have the right to have a legal professional represent you in Court. This right is important and granted to each and every individual in a criminal trial. It is important because when you are facing criminal charges, there are some significant and serious consequences that you may face. Some consequences may deprive a person of their right to privacy, their right to freedom, and it may even affect their immigrant status in the United States.